Exercise physiology is a branch of science that studies the body’s ability to adapt and respond to physical activity. It also focuses on how health and wellness can be improved.
A bone fracture is a medical condition in which a bone is cracked or broken. It is a break in the continuity of the bone. While many fractures are the result of high-force impact or stress, bone fractures can also occur because of certain medical conditions that weaken the bones, such as osteoporosis.
Preventive health measures aim at preventing disease and disability which may lead to death by protecting the health of an individual.
Osteoarthritis also called degenerative joint disease, is the most common form of arthritis. It occurs most often in older people. This disease affects the tissue covering the ends of bones in a joint (cartilage).
Biomechanics is the application of mechanical principles to the study of forces acting on the body during movement. It involves not only the analysis of the musculoskeletal system but also the mechanics of other systems such as blood circulation and renal function.
The term arthritis literally means inflammation of a joint, but it is generally used to describe any condition in which there is damage to the cartilage, the tissue that lines the ends of bones in a joint.